6 Popular Methods of Channeling Wireless Electricity

Wireless electricity is a breakthrough technology that enables the transmission of electrical energy without the use of wires or cables. This technology has revolutionized how we transfer power and can be used to charge our devices without having to plug them in.

Wireless electricity has emerged as an alternative to traditional methods of powering and charging devices, such as batteries and generators. It eliminates the need for unsightly cables, wires, and cords that can clutter our homes and offices. Moreover, it offers a safe, efficient, cost-effective way to transfer energy over long distances.

The primary application of this technology is in energy harvesting systems where energy from ambient sources such as radio frequency signals or light is collected and converted into usable electrical power. This type of wireless electricity could potentially be used in medical implants or consumer electronics such as smartphones or smart watches. Furthermore, it could also be used to provide power for autonomous cars, drones, robotics systems, or even distributed computing networks.

Wireless electricity (Source: <a href="https://www.freepik.com/free-vector/internet-things-iot-smart-connection-control-device-network-industry-resident-anywhere-anytime-anybody-any-business-with-internet-it-technology-futuristic-world_25326180.htm#query=wireless%20electricity&position=5&from_view=search&track=ais#position=5&query=wireless%20electricity">Image by jcomp</a> on Freepik)

Methods of wireless transmission


The wondrous technology of electrodynamics induction near-field wireless communication is capable of facilitating energy transfer at distances of up to one-sixth the wavelength. This wireless energy transfer modality employs the fundamental principles of an electrical transformer.

In this simple yet amazing method, the primary and secondary circuits are not directly interconnected, and the energy transfer transpires through an electromagnetic phenomenon known as mutual inductance. This extraordinary process serves to step-up or step-down the primary voltage while providing electrical isolation. Device chargers for phones and electric toothbrushes, as well as electrical power distribution transformers, provide an exemplary testament to the power of this principle.

Resonance, coupled with this technology, extends the application range slightly. With resonant coupling, the transmitter and receiver are attuned to the same resonant frequency inductors. The drive current is dynamically modulated from a sinusoidal waveform to a no-sinusoidal transient waveform to optimize its performance. In essence, electromagnetic induction is grounded in the primary coil generating a predominantly magnetic field, while the secondary coil is situated within the magnetic field, such that a current is induced in the secondary.

Nonetheless, a high level of coupling must be maintained to guarantee optimal efficiency. Furthermore, the radiation of the magnetic field is directly proportional to the distance from the primary, resulting in an increase in energy wastage as the range of magnetic coupling decreases. This technology is commonly used in the design of contactless smartcards and is also applied in the power supply and recharging of laptops and mobile phones.


The “Tesla effect” – is an enigmatic phenomenon that has baffled the scientific community for many a year. It is a particular application of electrical displacement – the transmission of electrical energy through an ethereal realm, rather than relying solely on the development of a potential difference across a conductor. Specifically, the effect is brought about by the creation of an electric field gradient or differential capacitance between two nodes or electrodes, elevated above a conductive ground plane. This provides a conduit for high-frequency alternating current potential differences to be transmitted, delivering energy to a receiving device such as Tesla’s legendary wireless bulbs.

If only a small amount of energy is needed, elevated terminals may not be required since the energy can be extracted by electrostatic induction from the upper strata of the atmosphere, rendered conductive by the transmitter’s active terminal. The capacitance formed between two terminals and a higher-powered device forms a voltage divider, allowing the electrostatic forces to transfer energy through natural media across a conductor situated within the changing magnetic flux.

Electrostatic induction (Source: <a href="https://www.freepik.com/free-vector/circuit-diagram-with-battery-lightbulb_18336172.htm#query=ELECTROSTATIC%20INDUCTION&position=2&from_view=search&track=ais">Image by brgfx</a> on Freepik)


Radio waves serve as messengers carrying sound and information through the airwaves, helping sailors find their way across the seas and pilots navigate the skies. The data is impressed upon the electromagnetic wave as amplitude modulation, frequency modulation, or pulses, creating a frequency band proportional to the information’s density.

Sound channeling needs 5 million Hz for HD TV, 20,000 Hz for high-fidelity sound, and 10,000 Hz for phones.  Due to the curve of the Earth, a tower of up to 100 meters (330 feet) reaches only around 30 kilometers (19 miles) of clear sight. However, Marconi’s successful communication of messages over 2,000 kilometers led to the discovery of the electrifying Kennelly–Heaviside layer, better known as the ionosphere. Starting at about 100 kilometers above the Earth’s surface and extending 300 kilometers, this region sees partial ionization caused by the Sun’s ultraviolet light which generates enough electrons and ions to alter radio waves.

The variability of the ionosphere’s height, width, and ionization level depends on the season and time of day due to the Sun’s contribution. The reason radio waves and optical devices reach further ranges is due to the electromagnetic radiation in a far field which enables its adaptation to the shape of the receiving area, providing near-constant radiated power over longer distances through highly directive antennas or precisely collimated laser beams. However, maximum directivity for antennas is limited by diffraction.

Electromagnetic spectrum (Source: <a href="https://www.freepik.com/free-vector/science-electromagnetic-spectrum-diagram_15662378.htm#query=ELECTROMAGNETIC%20RADIATION&position=1&from_view=search&track=ais">Image by brgfx</a> on Freepik)


Within the electromagnetic realm, there exists a spectrum perceivable to the naked ocular sensors, typically oscillating within the range of 10 micrometers to 10 nanometers, which could harness power through the conversion of the current into a laser beam, then transmit it to a solar cell receptor. The process is commonly referred to as “power beaming”, where energy converts into usable electrical currents radiated for use. The military and space sectors have mainly researched the laser “power beaming” mechanism, but it is now being extended to cater to low-power commercial and consumer electronic applications.

To facilitate the implementation of laser energy transmission systems in consumer industries, laser safety protocols must be strictly adhered to. The laser-assisted energy transfer method enables increased energy densities, reduces beam dispersion, and shrinks emissions and receiver sizes. However, the generation of lasers should factor in the system’s mass and temperature requirements for effective performance.


This phenomenon is caused by the movement of electrically charged particles through a medium that allows signals to be transmitted. This can create an electric current in response to an electric field. The mechanism behind this motion varies depending on the material. When it comes to metals and resistors, Ohm’s Law is the real deal, stating that the current is proportional to the applied electric field.

To transmit electrical energy wirelessly through the earth, one can stir up some inhomogeneous earth action with very little loss due to the fact that the net resistance between earth antipodes adds up to less than 1 ohm. The adjustment then hightails it mainly through oceans, metallic ore bodies, and similar subsurface structures with electrical conduction. However, electric displacement by electrostatic induction beats its way through the more dielectric regions like quartz deposits and various other nonconductive minerals. As currents through the earth attract recipients, an equivalent electric displacement rolls out in the atmosphere.


To hear a directional transmission using radio waves, you must harness the power of electromagnetic radiation’s shorter wavelengths, typically found in the realm of microwaves. This involves the use of a converter known as a Rectenna which elegantly transforms microwave energy into electricity at an astonishing 95% efficiency rate! The notion of power beaming using these microwaves has been explored as a means of transferring energy from solar power satellites orbiting our Earth, even extending to the beaming of power to spacecraft in orbit beyond. 

Read more, 10 space facts that stunned the world.

Applications of wire transmission

Field of Electronics 

The vast domain of Electronics has discovered an exceptional application of Wireless charging systems, transforming mundane devices such as laptops into powerhouses by utilizing a wireless source deployed behind the corkboard. The device effortlessly delivers over 20 watts of energy and can establish a connection from a distance of over 40 cm from the wireless charging source.

The source and device resonators are positioned perpendicular to each other, facilitating the delivery of charged energy through the resonant wireless power transfer, and securing an unprecedented market share of over 80% by 2020. Moreover, this technology is not limited to laptops, with other gadgets such as smartphones or cameras effortlessly soaking up the charged energy with extreme ease, and with the added convenience of being able to charge anytime, anywhere, and even in public places, the wireless charging technology has rightfully become a human’s greatest asset.

Refer to our article 10 valuable semiconductor facts to watch out for if you are interested in knowing amazing things about electronics.


Medical Devices

The transmission of power through the air has gained significant traction in medical implants such as LVAD heart assist pumps, pacemakers, and infusion pumps. This groundbreaking technology allows for seamless and efficient energies to be supplied to devices embedded within humans. This, in turn, eliminates the requirement for invasive drivelines that penetrate bodily tissue and the need for primary battery replacements through surgical procedures.

Electric Vehicles 

Indulge in the convenience of wireless charging for your eco-friendly hybrid or battery-electric vehicle! These systems offer 3.3 kilowatts of high-efficiency power without the need for any cumbersome cords, with a transmission range of 20cm. This cutting-edge technology ensures a reliable, effortless energy source for electric vehicles, making them even more irresistible to consumers. The EV experience can be elevated with wireless charging!

Electric vehicles

LED Lighting

With wireless power transmission infused in the sleek design of LED lights, we can now say goodbye to the tedious task of battery replacement for our under-cabinet illumination. In addition, this cutting-edge technology grants architectural lighting designers the power to create stunning products that appear to levitate sans any visible power cords.

Solar Power Satellites (SPS)

Wireless Power Transmission’s, grandest application is the deployment of massive satellites adorned with colossal solar arrays that orbit the Earth at the height of Geosynchronous orbit. These celestial sentinels stand watch, dutifully harnessing the very essence of solar power and beam it down to us in the form of microwaves. Another feather in the cap of WPT is the implementation of its technology into diverse fields, such as the facilitation of ubiquitous power sources, powering wireless sensors, and the invention of RF Power Adaptive Rectifying Circuits (PARC).

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